In the early hours of the 16th of June 2007, a concert in Amsterdam Zuid-Oost was raided by 80 police, using horses and dogs. The police arrested and detained 111 migrants, mainly African, 70 of whom are either deported or facing deportation in the near future. A few of them with valid resident permits were released after some days in detention centers. The raid was justified by police and the immigration service on grounds of searching for persons engaging in internet fraud. Even though 22 of those detained were ordered released by an Amsterdam judge who ruled the police action unlawful, State Secretary Nebahat Albayrak, representing the Immigration Service IND, successfully appealed to halt this decision pending her appeal. Although the Raad van State had not yet made its decision, deportations started in the early hours of Thursday morning, July 26th and almost all the women who had been arrested were deported from Uitzetcentrum Zestienhoven. Furthermore, the police have used immigration powers to target the African migrant community for arrest within a criminal investigation, thereby conflating immigration and crime law enforce-ment and policy.